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400 to 2000 B.C. Remains of the oldest cultural heritage from the Neolithic era discovered. 1416 The first Turkish invasion of Hodidjed (the original name of Sarajevo) 1443 Turkish rule permanently established in Hodidjed. 1455 Two names of Vrhbosna: Hodidjed and Vilajet Sarajovasi mentinaed for the first time in the written documents of Turkish chroniclers. 1462 The first masonry bridge constructed on the Miljacka river - the Emperor's Bridge, followed by Cumurija and Skenderija. 1464 The first public bath built in Sarajevo. The number of these increased to five by 1509. 1507 The first preserved document in which the name of the town - Sarajevo has been mentioned 1512 The first Turkish coins minted in Sarajevo 1530 The travel writer Benedit Kuripesic stayed in Sarajevo where he wrote the first travel description of Bosnia and Herzegovina, printed in Sarajevo. 1531 The Gazi Husrefbeg Mosque was built 1537 The nobleman Husref Beg endowed 300,000 drams of silver in minted coins to be lent at the interest rate of 10 per cent. According to the instructions, money could be lent by th Foundation only to merchants, while lending to soldiers, civil servants and overseers was prohibited. 1539 The construction of the old orthodox church and school was completed. 1543 Two pharmacies operate in Sarajevo. Their owners are Jakov Popov and Petar Vodopic, citizents of Dubrovnik. 1550 The Venetian envoy Katarino Zeno stayed in Sarajevo. In his description of the town he pointed out that "the gardens are as beautiful as those in Venice". 1565 First records of an organized customs administration in Sarajevo. The existence of the service for quality control of merchandise is also mentioned in the record. 1565 Seven large inns(hans) for travellers and traders as well as 25 smaller ones are mentioned in the records of chroniclers. A winter service for road maintenance was introduced. The personnel which worked for this service was called "Derbedzije" and "Furundzije" and their task was to clean the road from snow and ice and to set up poles for marking the depth of snow. 1658 The travel writers Pule and Kikle provide a wealth of interesting data. By then there were 101 mosques, 169 fountains, 670 baths, 26 hans(inns), 7 imarets(houses with bachelor dwellings), 140 quarters and 400 streets. The authors of the record point out the ethnic features of Sarajevo population: the hospitality, the types of clothing and diet, hygienic habits, entertainment, excursion places, hunting. 1680 The Italian Bonetti provides the first geographical data on Sarajevo which was published in Europe: "The perimeter is 6 miles, it has 50,000 inhabitants. The mountains around Sarajevo are covered with snow in the month of May." 1680 Sarajevo has nine bridges over the river Miljacka. 1776 The first exchange rate for gold was published in Sarajevo as well as the first extended list of exchange rates for various currencies. 1840 The first regular coach service was introduced between Sarajevo and Istambul. Mail deliveries took 10 to 12 days. 1857 Sarajevo was linked by telegraph wire with Istanbul, and in 1862 with Metkovic, then trading centre. 1878 The first professional salared fire brigade was created. 1882 The first teachers college was founded. The "Europa" hotel was opened. 1884 The decision to build the first public water supply system and the sewerage network in Sarajevo was taken. The first tourist association with 600 members was created. 1885 First horse-drawn streetcar ride. 1888 The National Museum was created in Sarajevo. 1894 The big national hospital Kosevo was opened. In the same year the first meteorological station started operation on the summit of Mt. Bjelasnica. The first thermal electrical power plant was complited. 1895 Electrical lighting was introduced in the Sarajevo streets. The first electrical streetcar was inaugurated. 1897 The first telephone was introduced. 1904 The Balkanological Institute was created. 1905 The Congress of the International Botanical Association. Up to 1910 several international scientific gatherings took place. 1906 General strike of workers in Sarajevo. 1908 The first soccer matches in Sarajevo. 1910 Bogdan Zerajic, a member of the "Young Bosna", the organization of Bosnian revolutionary youth, made an unsuccesful assassination attempt on the general Milan Varesanin. 1911 The first long distance cavalry race Dubrovnik-Sarajevo was organized. 1914 Gavrilo Princip, member of the "Young Bosna", assassinated the Austrian Crown Prince Franz Ferdinand. This event was the immediate reason for the beginning of the First World War. 1928 The first workers' sports gathering took place. 1933 Basketball games were first introduced to Sarajevo. 1941 Big demonstrations of the workers and the progressive youth of Sarajevo against the adherence of Yugoslavia to the Tripartite Pact (March 27th). The organizers of the demonstrations were the Communist party of Yugoslavia and the progressive trade union and youth movements. Large patriotic crowds participated in the demonstration. 1941 The German occupation troups entered Sarajevo and soon the Ustashi government was established. 1941 The reunion of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party of Yugoslavia for Bosnia and Herzegovina took place and it was decided that a general national uprising should be started (july 13th). 1942 A historical piercing of the encirclement by the fascist forces was carried out by the First Proleterian Brigade of the People's Liberation Army. The units of the First Proleterian Brigade marched, under severest conditions, at a temperature of 32 degrees C below zero, through the Sarajevo plain and Mt. Igman to Trnovo and Foca in the liberated teritory. This movement of Partisan units is recorded in history as the Igman march during which more than 150 perished from freezing (January 27th and 28th). 1944 The illegal committee of the National Liberation front for the city of Sarajevo was formed. By the end of the same year illegal National Liberation Committees for the city boroughs were formed. 1945 Sarajevo was liberated by units of the Yugoslav army on April 6th, at 8 a.m. 1946 The faculties of Medicine and of Law were founded in Sarajevo, as well as the art Gallery and the National Library. 1948 According to census figures Sarajevo had 179,791 inhabitants. 1949 The Law regulating the creation of the University of Sarajevo was passed. The Museum of the City of Sarajevo was founded 1962 The inhabitants of Sarajevo vote in a referendum for the first citizens' self-contribution for the development of Sarajevo. Since then the inhabitants of Sarajevo set apart, from their personnal incomes, the means for coping with the common city problems. 1971 According to census, sarajevo had 359,452 inhabitants. 1973 The world Championships in ping pong and handball were succesfully carried out in Sarajevo. 1979 The International Olympic Committee bestowed on Sarajevo, at its session in Athens on May 18th, the honour of organizing the 14th Winter Olympic Games, in February 1984. 1981 The population of Sarajevo grew to 448,500 inhabitants in ten urban boroughs, according to the fifth Census. 1984 The 14th Winter Olympic Games were succesfully held in Sarajevo, being characterised as the best to the time. 1991 According to 1991 census Sarajevo had 525,980 inhabitants. 1992 Bosnia-Herzegovina holds referendum. 2/3 vote for independence with equal rights of Bosnian Muslim, Serbs and Croats citizents. Rural Bosnian Serbs boycott referendum. 1992 Mass demonstrations for peace are held in Sarajevo. Protestants are being shot at by SDS extremists. On 6th of April first mortar shells fall on Sarajevo. Former Yugoslav Peoples Army invades Bosnia-Herzegovina. Ethnic cleansing, rape and mass murder follows. 1992 National library "Vijecnica" burns in flames as well as many other cultural and sports buildings in Sarajevo. 1995 "Peace" comes back to Sarajevo and trams (simbols of the city) are working again. 1997 On 23 September, popular Irish band U2, plays on olympic stadium "Kosevo", in front of 45 000 people.